C anarian Banana is one of the most popular and world famous products from the Canary Islands. For many years, especially after a European treaty where trade in these products was liberalised.
Although today the economy of the Canary Islands has fluctuated and is not so dependent on this product, Canarian Bananas are still a key export product for the Canary Islands. In fact, it is still the most important crop.
The banana originated in Southeast Asia where it later spread to Africa. The arrival of the banana in the Canary Islands came from Equatorial Guinea by traders from Portugal. The variety of the Canarian Banana that is cultivated is Cavendish, of the muse type (AAA).
Curiously enough, the exploitation of the Canarian Banana began with the development of the tomatoes by the British to be introduced in their lands and later in Europe.
“Plátano de Canarias” is the name of the brand under which this fruit is marketed.
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Canarian Banana Cultivation
Canarian Banana is a crop that requires demanding climatic conditions for its production. The soil on which the banana is grown must be rocky or volcanic so that all the water it requires can be filtered. On the other hand it also needs a lot of sun and an average temperature of 25 degrees.
The fields where Canarian Bananas are grown are called “plataneras” (banana plantations), present in almost all the Canary Islands. In Fuerteventura there are no banana plantations due to the growing conditions and in Lanzarote there are very few or almost none. The three main producing islands are Tenerife, La Palma and Gran Canaria.
Thanks to the climatic conditions of the Canary Islands, bananas can be produced in large quantities and this is why the Canary Islands took advantage of their production for subsequent export.
It should be pointed out that Canarian Bananas are a Protected Geographical Indication or PGI. This quality certificate ensures that the banana is produced locally and passes strict production controls to ensure that the product meets all the requirements of this distinctive quality seal.
Recognizing the Canarian Bananas is not very difficult because of their characteristic shape. The most distinctive mark is the small black spots or specks on their skin. Their size is usually medium or small compared to bananas grown in other countries.
In addition, the taste of Canarian Bananas stands out for being somewhat sweeter than that of other bananas. This is due to its high amount of concentrated sugar and vitamins. This makes it a perfect food for athletes who need to replenish their energy to recover in a short time.